Indigenous art movements and cooperatives

There is a wide range of art centres. They are all Indigenous-owned and/or controlled and are all not-for-profit organisations or, in a few cases, companies owned by the artists (Papunya Tula; Jirrawun Arts). The oldest is Ernabella Arts, formed in 1948. The largest by sales in 2006 were Papunya Tula and Warlayirti.

Name of centreLocation or nearest townYear establishedMajor artists associated with centre
Aboriginal Australia Art and Culture CentreAlice Springs, Northern Territory1973
Bima WearNguiu, Bathurst Island, Tiwi Islands, Northern Territory1969
Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Co-operativeSydney, NSW1987Bronwyn BancroftMichael RileyHarry Wedge
Bula’Bula ArtsCentral Arnhem Land, Northern Territory1990
Elcho Island Art and CraftElcho Island, Northern Territory1992
Ernabella ArtsPukatja, South Australia1948
Hermannsburg PottersHermannsburg, NT1990
IkuntjiHaast’s Bluff, NT1992Daisy Jugadai NapaltjarriMolly Jugadai Napaltjarri
Injalak ArtsGunbalanya, Northern Territory1989Lofty Bardayal Nadjamerrek, Jimmy Namarnyilk, England Banggala, Glen Namundja, Graham Badari, Gabriel Maralngurra, Isaiah Nagurrgurrba
Irrunytju ArtsIrrunytju (Wingellina)2001Yannima Tommy Watson
Iwantja ArtsAnangu Pitjantjatjara Lands, South Australia1995Vincent Namatjira
Jirrawun ArtsWyndham, Western Australianot knownPaddy BedfordFreddy Timms
Keringke ArtsSanta Teresa, Northern Territory1989
MangkajaFitzroy Crossing, Western Australiaearly 1980s
Maningrida Arts & CultureManingrida, Northern Territoryc.1966John Mawurndjul
Maruku ArtsUluru, Northern Territory1984
Mimi ArtsKatherine, Northern Territorynot knownBill Yidumduma Harney
Papunya TulaNorthern Territory1972Anatjari TjakamarraEileen NapaltjarriTjunkiya NapaltjarriMakinti NapanangkaPansy NapangardiTimmy Payungka TjapangatiClifford Possum TjapaltjarriDoreen Reid NakamarraBilly Stockman Tjapaltjarri
ProppaNOWBrisbane, Queensland2002Richard BellVernon Ah KeeMegan CopeJennifer HerdTony AlbertGordon Hookey
TitjikalaTitjikala, Northern Territorynot known
Tjanpi Aboriginal Baskets – Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjarra Yankunytjatjara Women’s CouncilCentral Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Western Australia)1995
Tiwi DesignsTiwi Islands, Northern Territory1968
Tiwi Island ArtistsTiwi Islands, Northern Territory1998
UtopiaAlice Springs, Northern Territory1985Emily Kame KngwarreyeMinnie PwerleGloria Petyarre, Kudditji Kngwarreye, Lena Pwerle, Greeny Purvis Petyarre, Betty Mbitjana, Jeannie Mills Pwerle, Abie Loy Kemarre, Kathleen Petyarre
Waralungku ArtsBoroloola, Northern Territory2003
Warlukurlangu ArtistsYuendumu, Northern Territory1985Sheila Brown NapaljarriHelen Nelson NapaljarriNorah Nelson Napaljarri, Shorty Jangala Robertson, Liddy Walker, Dorothy Napangardi, Paddy Japanangka Lewis, Paddy Japaljarri Sims, Paddy Japaljarri Stewart, Mary Anne Nampijinpa Michaels
Warmun Art CentreWarmun (Turkey Creek, Western Australia)1998Shirley Purdie
Waringarri Aboriginal ArtsKununurra, Western Australiaearly 1980s
Warlayirti ArtistsBalgo, Western Australia1987Susie Bootja Bootja NapaltjarriTakariya NapaltjarriTopsy Gibson Napaljarri
Yirrkala (Buku-Larrngay Arts)Yirrkala, Northern Territorynot known